Quick Answer: What Is Debenture Simple Words?

What are the characteristics of debenture?

Characteristics of Debenture1.1 Written promise.1.2 Company Seal.1.3 Borrowed Funds.1.4 Maturity Period.1.5 Claim in Income.1.6 Priority Claim on Assets.1.7 No Controlling Power.1.8 Fixed Rate of Interest.More items…•.

Is it good to invest in debentures?

Every investor has a different appetite for risk. Since equity markets are full of short-term volatility, they may not suit everyone’s risk appetite. For such investors, debentures can be an attractive investment option. These are a type of debt instrument, like bonds.

What is a debenture simple definition?

A debenture is a type of bond or other debt instrument that is unsecured by collateral. Since debentures have no collateral backing, debentures must rely on the creditworthiness and reputation of the issuer for support. Both corporations and governments frequently issue debentures to raise capital or funds.

What is Debenture and types?

Debentures are a debt instrument used by companies and government to issue the loan. … Companies use debentures when they need to borrow the money at a fixed rate of interest for its expansion. Secured and Unsecured, Registered and Bearer, Convertible and Non-Convertible, First and Second are four types of Debentures.

How do I apply for a debenture?

You need to have the usual trading and a demat account to buy a non convertible debenture (NCD). The process to buy a NCD is the same as that for a share. You log into your trading account or ask your broker to buy you an NCD on your behalf. The manner in which you buy and the brokerage is the same as that for shares.

What is the difference between share and debenture?

Share is the capital of the company, but Debenture is the debt of the company. The shares represent ownership of the shareholders in the company. On the other hand, debentures represent indebtedness of the company. The income earned on shares is the dividend, but the income earned on debentures is interest.

What are the two types of debenture?

Types of DebenturesRedeemable and Irredeemable (Perpetual) Debentures.Convertible and Non-Convertible Debentures.Fully and Partly Convertible Debentures.Secured (Mortgage) and Unsecured (Naked) Debentures.First Mortgaged and Second Mortgaged Debentures.Registered Unregistered Debentures (Bearer) Debenture.More items…•

Is debenture an asset?

The debenture is sometimes called a ‘floating charge debenture’ and includes all company assets. … The debenture secures the assets for the lender should the company fail and in liquidation, the charge becomes ‘fixed’ on the asset’s value at that point in time.

What is Debenture example?

The definition of a debenture is a long-term bond issued by a company, or an unsecured loan that a company issues without a pledge of assets. An interest-bearing bond issued by a power company is an example of a debenture.

Why are debentures issued?

Why do company issue debentures, when they can borrow money from Bank. … When bank lend money they generally place restriction on how that money can be used. ex- borrowed fund can be used only for capital expenditure or they limit companies ability to raise additional funds till this loan is repaid. etc.

Can I buy debentures?

Non-convertible debentures are offered by companies through an open issue. Investors can buy the same in the primary market when the issue is open. They can also choose to purchase NCDs being traded on the stock market at a later point in time.

Are debentures current liabilities?

A debenture is a long term liability. Debenture will usually be having a tenure of more than 1 year. However, if the debenture is to be fully redeemed within the current year, then it will classified in the current liability.

What are debentures used for?

Put simply, a debenture is the document that grants lenders a charge over a borrower’s assets, giving them a means of collecting debt if the borrower defaults. Debentures are commonly used by traditional lenders, such as banks, when providing high-value funding to larger companies.

What are the risk of debentures?

The main risk that fixed-rate debentures and unsecured notes holders are exposed to is the opportunity cost that a better rate of return may be available elsewhere if interest rates were to increase. The credit risk is the risk that the investor’s interest and/or capital are not repaid by the borrower.

Are debentures safe?

In fact, since 1999, the company virtually stopped paying interest on the secured debentures issued by it. … Hence, the moral of the story is that, an investor should not be misled by the fact that when a debenture is secured against the assets of the company means it is a safe and secure investment.

Is debenture a loan?

In the United States, a debenture is a loan that is backed by the full faith and credit of the issuer. This means that, in the US at least, a debenture is a type of Unsecured Loan, with the high creditworthiness of the borrower prompting the lender to make the loan.